Timeline

Citizenship Timeline

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You are a permanent resident and you are eligible for naturalization (U.S. citizenship).

What is the Timeline to Apply for and U.S. Citizenship?

The issuance of a certificate of naturalization (U.S. citizenship) requires processing by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The USCIS processing times can vary depending upon where you live in the United States. In general, however, the typical timeline for naturalization (U.S. citizenship) processing is as follows:

  • United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Processing

    In order to initiate the process, you file an Application for Naturalization (form N-400) with the USCIS Service Center. After the application is filed, the USCIS Service Center will issue a receipt notice.

    Receipt Notices Issued: 2 Weeks from Date of Receipt of Application

    Total Time to Process: 2 Weeks from Date of Receipt of Application

  • Biometrics Appointment

    The USCIS issues a notice to appear at the USCIS District Office in order for biometrics (fingerprints) to be captured. This allows the USCIS to perform a background check. After the background check is complete, the USCIS schedules you for an interview and forwards the application and supporting documents sample documents are listed here to the USCIS District Office.

    Biometrics (Fingerprinting) Appointment Scheduled: 1 Month from Date of Receipt of Application

    Total Time to Process: 1 Month from Date of Receipt of Application

  • USCIS Naturalization (U.S. Citizenship) Interview

    At the interview, the USCIS officer will verify that all biographic information in the application is current and that the required documentation has been provided. Second, the USCIS officer will confirm that you are a person of good moral character. Third, the USCIS officer will test your knowledge of U.S. government and history and English. Assuming that you are a person of good moral character and demonstrate adequate knowledge of U.S. government and history and English, the USCIS officer will approve the application for naturalization (U.S. citizenship).

    Interview Scheduled: 4 Months from Date of Receipt of Application

    Total Time to Process: 4 Months from Date of Receipt of Application

  • Oath of Allegiance Ceremony

    Assuming that the application for naturalization (U.S. citizenship) is approved, you must then publicly swear allegiance to the U.S. and renounce allegiance to other sovereigns. Upon taking the oath of allegiance the USCIS will issue you a certificate of naturalization (U.S. citizenship) and you will then relinquish your resident card.

    Ceremony Scheduled: Dependent on individual USCIS District Office.

    Certificate of Naturalization Issued: At the Oath of Allegiance Ceremony

    Period of Validity of Certificate of Naturalization: No expiration

    Total Time to Process: Dependent on individual USCIS District Office.